hmwPreservation employs a wide variety of sources in the documentation of historic resources. The physical evaluation of the property provides the background for any architectural history or historic preservation project. To this evaluation, various primary and secondary sources, including public records, state and local building files, historic maps and property data, as well as archival and genealogical research provide the basis for the development of an historic and architectural context for the property.
Types of Services:
- National Register Nominations
- Architectural Surveys
- Rehabilitation Tax Credit Applications
- Local Landmark Reports
- House Histories
The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects significant in American history, architecture, archaeology, engineering, and culture. Properties listed on the National Register may be significant at the national, state, or local level. Historic districts, as defined by the National Register of Historic Places, are “geographically definable areas – urban or rural, large or small – possessing a significant concentration, linkage, or continuity of sites, buildings, structures, and/or objects united by past events or aesthetically by plan or physical development.”
Nominations to the National Register for properties in North Carolina require a full architectural survey of the property or district with photographs and database records held by the State Historic Preservation Office.
Municipalities may undertake architectural surveys for any number of reasons including as part of the National Register of Historic Places process, to prepare educational or promotional materials, and to aid in comprehensive planning. Surveys may be cursory with a focus on locating and identifying resources through map coding or may be comprehensive with full documentation done of each resource.
Rehabilitation Tax Credit Applications
As early as 1976, the federal government began to offer income tax credits for the certified rehabilitation of historic properties. To be eligible for the 20% tax credit, properties must be individually listed on the National Register or be noted as contributing structures to a National Register Historic District to be eligible and must be commercial (or income-producing) properties. Additionally, the rehabilitation work must be reviewed and approved by the State Historic Preservation Office and the National Park Service. To this 20% federal credit, many states (including North Carolina and Virginia) have added a 15-20% state income tax credit.
Additionally, North Carolina offers a 15% income tax credit for the certified rehabilitation of private residences in the state. Like the federal program, eligible properties must be listed individually on the National Register or be noted as a contributing structure in a National Register Historic District and rehabilitation work must be approved by the State Historic Preservation Office.
Application materials for both the federal and state programs include photographs and floor plans of the existing building, architectural drawings of the proposed renovations, descriptions of the proposed work, materials specifications, cost estimates, and, upon completion of the work, final photographs of the property.
- 1118 W. Forest Hills – James Patton Jr. House
- 701 Jefferson – New Brick Warehouse
- 215-217 East Nash Street – Hackney Building
Local Landmark Reports
Some counties and local municipalities have local landmark programs to recognize their most architecturally distinctive and historically significant resources. The programs are administered at the local level, so the application process, qualifications, and benefits vary by municipality. However, most criteria for evaluation mirror the criteria employed by the National Register program.
Local Landmark reports typically include a thorough property description, a historic overview of the property, and a summary of its architectural and historic significance. Reports also include photographs, maps, and other documentary materials.
- Captain John S. Pope Farm
- 3200 Hillsborough Street – Wilmont Apartments
- 1111 N. Mangum Street – Maynard Mangum-Rice Diet House
Often required as an application for a historic plaque or marker, house histories can take many forms, but generally provide a chain of ownership and list of occupants along with historic maps, photos, and genealogical context for the most significant owners. Materials can be presented in digital or printed formats and vary greatly from project to project.
- 1111 N. Duke – Willis and Emily Aldridge House
- 407 Ottawa Street – Sher-Hannah House
- 405 Ottawa Street – Ornoff-Daye House